A heel spur is basically attributed to the anatomical changes in the heel bone. These are brought on due to strain of the supporting structures of the feet. One of the most common causes of calcaneal spur syndrome is a condition called plantar fasciitis. This condition is associated with the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a tough ligament that runs across the bottom of the foot. The plantar fascia usually gets inflamed due to excessive strain on the feet. The body responds to the inflammation by forming a calcaneal spur. You should also be doing gentle calf stretching exercises. This will reduce stress on the plantar fascia in two ways. The first manner in which a relaxation of the tension in the calf muscles can help heel pain is that it will reduce the direct pull backwards on the heel bone (calcaneus). The second reason is a little bit more complicated, but essentially it is that a tight achilles tendon and calf muscles causes the rearfoot to move in a manner that causes over pronation as your leg and body move forward over your foot. To strengthen the muscles in your arch toe curls or "doming" can be done. Traditionally surgical treatment for heel pain consisted of removing the heel spur. Some surgeons continue to have great success with this procedure. However, recent studies have shown that releasing the tight, thickened plantar fascia ligament is just as effective with a much quicker recovery time. Other surgical treatments include excision of the nerve by the heel and even shockwave therapy. Irritation to the plantar fascia is caused by excessive stress on the tissue. Running or walking on uneven surfaces over time can cause this to happen. The pain that you are experiencing in your heel is caused from tears in the plantar fascia, where it attaches to your heel. You can help to prevent heel pain by maintaining a healthy weight, by warming up before participating in sports and by wearing shoes that support the arch of the foot and cushion the heel. If you are prone to plantar fasciitis, exercises that stretch the Achilles tendon (heel cord) and plantar fascia may help to prevent the area from being injured again. You also can massage the soles of your feet with ice after stressful athletic activities. Sometimes, the only interventions needed are a brief period of rest and new walking or running shoes. Treatment The plantar fascia supports the bones of the heels and maintains the arch of the heel The heel spurs is a bony projection that leads away from the plantar fascia into the surrounding tissues of the body. More often than not, heel spurs and plantar fasciitis together cause sharp discomfort in the foot. The serious foot pain experienced by you, when you put your weight on your foot, while taking first step, is since of the heel stimulate poking into the surrounding living mass of tissues, nerves, tendons and muscles.